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ֲ Ͳ Ͳ 14 (249) ² ֲ Ͳ Ͳ ԲòͲ 14 (249) ...

-- [ 12 ] --

. , . ; .

, : allegro (), andante (, ), cantabile (), crescendo (), legato (), obbligato (), pizzicato (), pianoforte (). corridor (), cupola (), pedestal () [2].

, , , , , barouche ( baroccio ); cohl-rabi (. cavoli rape ) . [2].

XVI . XVI .

XIV , . , , .

(bankrupt) . .

, [3], [4].

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English [3], :

1. bankrupt unable to pay your debts ( , )

2. go bankrupt to be unable to pay your debts and to have to sell your property and goods ( )

³ 14 (249), 2012_______________

3. bankrupt to make a person, business or country bankrupt or very poor ( , ) [3, . 87].

Mcmillan English Dictionary [4], :

1. bankrupt the person or a business that is bankrupt had officially admitted that they have no money and cannot pay what they owe. to go bankrupt. ( , , , , ).

2. bankrupt without any good qualities at all (formal) ( ).

3. to bankrupt to make a person, business or country bankrupt or very poor ( , ) [4, . 95 , .

- . .

[5] :

1. bancarotta () .

2. bancarotta semplice

3. bancarotta fraudolenta

4. fare bancarotta [5, . 88].

- - .

[6] :

1. bancarotta

2. fare bancarotta [6, . 43].

, . bankrupt, to go bankrupt, . fare bancarotta [5, . 88].

, [4, . 95-96]. bancarotta fraudolenta [5, . 88].

, bankrupt

, , , , . [3, . 87; 4, . 95-96 ].

, .

, , , . , ³ 14 (249), 2012_______________

, .

, , , . .

banco rotta banco

( ) rotta rompere , .

, , bankerout

. , , bankrupt , - () (bankruptcy (), to bankrupt ( )). , , .

1. . . : . . . . . . : , 1955. 346 .

2. . . / . . . . : - , .., 1959. 352 .

3. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Third edition. Danbury :

Pearson by Lexicon Publications, CT, 1993. 1657 p. 4. Mcmillan English Dictionary. Oxford : Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, 2002. 2076 .

5. . . - / .

. . , . . , . . . . : . ., 2002. 1018 . 6.

- - : :

/ . . . : ..., 2004. 608 .

. . , - , . / bankrupt / bancarotta , , , . , ³ 14 (249), 2012_______________

, .

: , , , , / , -.

. . , . / bankrupt / bancarotta , , , . , , .

: , , , , / , -.

Taranenko O. G. To the question about one Italian borrowing in contemporary English The problem of lexical borrowings is always important for any language, because this is the best way of its development and enrichment especially in the sphere of lexicology and vocabulary issues. In the represented article the Italian borrowing in Modern English bankrupt / bancarotta is analyzed via the dictionary definition method with the elements of comparative analysis. Due to the held analysis came the conclusion that in English language the spectrum of meanings in the above lexeme is much wider than in Italian language. In general, this theme must be elaborated more profoundly and deeper because of low quantity of the Italian borrowings in Modern English language.

Key words: lexeme, comparative analysis, borrowing, dictionary definitions analysis, broadening/narrowing of meaning, language-original.

03.04.2012 25.05.2012 ³ 14 (249), 2012_______________

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