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² IJͲ в˲ Ͳ ֲ .2.3-37641918-544:201 (, ) ...

-- [ 10 ] --

( 12.1) .

12.3 12.5.3.2, , 25 ( ) ( 12.1).

( 12.2) ( , , ) 㳺 .

( 12.3 12.4) , .

( 12.1 12.4).

12.2.2 璺 . 璺 .

, , . i 60/90 90/130 4044, .2.7-135 ʖ 60% 65% .2.7-129 .

. 12.3 .

:

0,65 /2 1,20 /2, 0,9 /2 1,60 /2. , , , , .

’ 2.34. ϳ , `. .

12.2.3 , , , -

, :

- 12 -;

- 10 - -;

- 8 -V.

i , i - () .2.7-127 .2.7-119, , , .2.7-135.

12.3 12.3.1 (12.1):

   

dc/dN N ( . 12.4);

K ( 12.10 12.11);

, n ( ., n.; A., n.).

ʳ h n, , (12.5):

   

m , m , logt log 12.5.

.2.3-37641918-544:201..

12.5 m log logt (t )

, 12.6:

   

, ;

, ;

. exp(x) = ex, = 2,71828 ( ).

(12.7):

   

, ( 0,01 1,00 ;

60 / =0,1 );

I , 4044;

ʳ , ;

T , .

ᒺ () V, V., , , [5]. , 㳿 ( ) .

n=n.=n. , ()

.2.3-4, :

.2.3-37641918-544:201..

n = 3,5; = 4,46710-7 ϳ ( -IV, );

n = 4,5; = 3,23610-8 , ϳ ( -II, -III, -IV);

n = 7,0; = 4,57110-11 ϳ ( -I).

n, :

   

12.3.2 , : ( h,

E) ( Es).

, 䳺 , D. ' , , .

12.6:

) ( 12.6 ), ;

) . ( 12.6 ).

   

12.6 , .

KI, :

   

.2.3-37641918-544:201..

12.7.

12.7 12.6 Kb Ks (12.10) (12.11).




140 .


Kb :

   

kb , 12.5;

p , ( .1 [5]);

exp(x) = ex, = 2,71828 ( );

( 12.12);

D , ( .1 [5]);

h , .

( ) 2,5 1. 6 , 3 6 ; 3 .

2. ft f 2,5 . ³ ft f 1,5 , 1,16 1,49 , 1,15 .

Ks :

   

ks , 12.5;

Es , ( 3.4 [5]);

E , , .

(12.3) (12.4) = . n=n., = . n=n..

( N)

.2.3-37641918-544:201..

.

12.3.3 , , . , (. ). . , () E (. 12.8.

   

12.8 - , , , 12.9. E ' 1 2. Es 3.4 [5].

12.9 ( 12.8 12.9) - h, c= h. , .

12.3.4 .

E , , Es , , :

E Es, 12.3.5;

, 12.3.6;

䳿 ;

.

䳿 12.6.

12.6 г , 0,97 . .

0,95 0,97 .

0,95 [5].

. ᒺ [5]

.2.3-37641918-544:201..

12.3.5 , (, ) ( , , ).

, , (0,1 600 ) (+10 ), , .

Q = 50 (p = 0,7 Ma), f0 4 6 300 , ' h E Es.



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