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REFERENCES

1. Vavilov N.I. Teoreticheskie osnovy selekcii / N.I. Vavilov. M.: Nauka, 1987. 512 s.

2. Morgun, V.V. Sorty ta optymal'ni systemy vyroshhuvannja ozymoi' pshenyci / V.V. Morgun, Je.V. Sanin, V.V. Shvartau // Klub 100. Vydannja 7. Kyi'v: Logos, 2012. 132 s.

3. Alabushev, A.V. Sort kak faktor ynnovacyonnogo razvytyja zernovogo proyzvodstva / A.V. Alabushev // Zernovoe hozjajstvo Rossyy. 2011. 3. S. 1 8.

4. Lytvynenko M.A. Selekcijno-genetychnyj instytut Nacional'nyj centr nasinnjeznavstva ta sortovyvchennja. Viddil selekcii' ta nasinnyctva pshenyci v 100-richnij istorii' instytutu / M. A. Lytvynenko // Zbirnyk naukovyh prac' SGI NCNS. Vyp. 20 (60). Odesa, 2012.

5. Parahin N.V. Znachenie sovremennyh sortov v povyshenii ustojchivosti i jeffektivnosti sel'skohozjajstvennogo proizvodstva / N.V. Parahin, A.V. Amelin // Materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 12-15 ijulja, 2004. Orel: Izdatel'stvo Orel GAU, 2005. S. 94-104.

6. Sortiment ozimoj mjagkoj pshenicy dlja Central'nogo regiona Rossii s povyshennym potencialom produktivnosti i kachestva / Sanduhadze B.I., Kochetygov G.V., Rybakova M.I. i dr. // Vestnik Orel GAU. 2012. 3 (36). S. 4-8.

7. Selekcijna evoljucija myronivs'kyh pshenyc' / [Vlasenko V.A. [ta in]. Myronivka, 2012. 330 s.

8. Ionova, E.V. Perspektivy ispol'zovanija adaptivnogo rajonirovanija i adaptivnoj selekcii sel'skohozjajstvennyh kul'tur (obzor) / E.V. Ionova, V. L. Gaze, E.I. Nekrasov// Zernovoe hozjajstvo Rossii. 2013(27). S. 1922.

9. Orljuk, A. P. Genetychni markery pshenyci / A.P. Orljuk, O.M. Gonchar, L.O. Usyk. Kyi'v, 2006. 144 s.

10. IA APK-Inform Elektronna storinka Agromage.com-2000-2015. S.-h. otraslevoj server.

11. Metodyka provedennja ekspertyzy ta derzhavnogo vyprobuvannja sortiv roslyn zernovyh, krupjanyh ta zernobobovyh kul'tur// Ohorona prav na sorty roslyn. K., 2003. 2. Ch. 3. S. 619, 191204.

12. Zhuchenko A. A. Adaptivnaja sistema selekcii vazhnejshij faktor intensifikacii rastenievodstva v HH veke / A. A. Zhuchenko // Vestnik semenovodstva v SNG, 2001. S. 5-7.

13. Lytvynenko M.A. Syl'ni ta ekstrasyl'ni sorty pshenyci / M.A. Lytvynenko, S.P. Lyfenko, Je.A. Golub // Nasinnyctvo. 2014. 8. S. 1-5.

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SUMMARIES

Sowing of grass development process due to extensive and transitional farming I. Prymak, M. Voytovik The article highlights the sowing of grass development process and seed extraction methods from a red clover. It also tells us about the profitable cultivation of this plant due to extensive and transitional farming. The attention has been paid to a precondition for the red clover sowing at the farms. The main role of the centuries-old farming practice experience and some scientist work has been shown in the sowing of grass development process.

The early ripe (south-Russian), slowly ripe (middle-Russian) and mid-ripe clovers were considered to be of different genus. The term genus as a notion has been changed in the development process as well as knowledge about the clover. The notion meaning about this plant had been changing in the plant identification process. At first terms: species, genus, specific difference have been named according to their specific difference. The clovers of red, white, pink colour and birds-foot trefoils were considered to be of different genus. Lately the red clover difference has been determined by the term species

(and again, at the beginning as a genus Russian clover and than as species south-Russian and middle-Russian clover). Then

the term species became more specific. The local clover species of certain areas have been named according to their features:




140 .


early ripe or slowly ripe. For example: Perm, Yaroslavl, Central-Russia, Chernigiv, Kyiv etc. The term species became commonly accepted for all plants of that genus only in the last part of the XX century. A certain clover kind with certain useful agricultural features has been named clover species.

Before the foreign clover seeds, timothy and others were delivered to Russia the sowing of grass had been existed at the husbandries. As a rule, local seeds, seeds taken from wild growing herbs or cultivated grass at the nearby husbandries were used for the sowing of grass.

The fodder famine and an opportunity to get a high profit from selling seeds and hay became the main reason to improve the clover sowing for the agronomists that had good experimental results and experience in the sowing of grass. But that experience was accepted differently in the farming. The peasants sowing of grass formed at the beginning of the last quarter of the V century.

The peasants sowing of grass on the meadows, farmsteads, waste plots of land, forest plots, lawns and areas out of the plots helped to save the old local species. The sowed seeds taken from import often died under the bad winter conditions in the central, south-western, south-eastern Russia areas. In the 80s of the ղ century the native landowners already knew about the local clover advantages and they were against the American import that was coming at that time to the Europe market.

Key words: development process, meadow clover, farming, husbandries, seed, income, profit, production experience.

Some features of stem length generation of winter wheat breeding numbers depending on their genotypes and growth environment L. Burdenuk-Tarasevych, M. Lozinski, O. Dubova The features of stem length generation of breeding numbers of winter wheat T. aestivum of L. of different origin as contrasted to hydrothermal indices in the years of research are presented. Semidwarf breeding numbers 17 CS, 26 CS and mediumgrown standard variety Pearl of forest-steppe had a resistance to lodging at the level of 9 marks. It is found the effect of internodes of different location order on forming of wheat stem length. It is investigated the correlation of length of internodes according to their location. Certain coefficients of stem length and internodes variations are determined.

Wheat one of the main food grain crops in Ukraine. Researches of the leading scientific establishments give evidence that the important factor of growth and stabilizing of crop productivity is creation and introduction of varieties with high potential of productivity and adaptation to the unfavorable patterns of environment. In the conditions of intensive production only plant varieties patient to lodging are able to use effectively the raised dosage of mineral fertilizers.

Wheat stem, or straw, is an organ discharging important physiological functions of photosynthesis and transporting metabolites in ontogenesis. The morphology and anatomy features of stem determine lodging resistance of plants and their ability to realize productive potential.



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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/277311242 ᒺ . (Study of. TECHNICAL REPORT DECEMBER 2013 DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1966.8647 READS 5 AUTHORS, INCLUDING: Andrey A. Kovalchuk Natalia Kovalchuk Uzhhorod National University Uzhhorod National University...

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5. Materials and Methods. Intact chickens White leghorn breed was used in the experiment. Chickens of first and second groups were injected intramuscularly of a plasmid DNA 110 ng dose with liposomalcomplex of 10 mM phosphatidyl choline CTAB (CTAB 0.5 %). Immunostimulant Cythosol was additionally added intramuscularly in the second group. The third group and the fourth group were intact. Chickens of first, second and third groups were...




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