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60 60-

2006

60 60- 2006 National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine State Natural History Museum

PROCEEDINGS OF THE STATE

NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM

Issue For the ICOMs 60 th anniversary Lviv 2006 57+58+59+502.7:069 . , 2006. . 22. 230 .

60- ̳ (International Council of Museums, ICOM), ᒺ 21 145 .

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EDITORIAL BOARD

Chornobay Y.M. (Editor-in-Chief), Klymyshyn O.S. (Scientific Editor), Berko I.M., Bokote A.A. (Managin Editor), Volgin S.O., Drygant D.M., Tasenkevich L.O., Tretjak P.R., Tsaryk I.V.

, 2006 ISBN 966-02-2806-6 () ISBN 966-02-4005-8 (. 22)

²

22 , 2006 . 5-10 069.0 . ů ( ³ , , "Museum aktuell", 120, 2005 .) Lotch, B. The language of museums // Proc. of the State Nat. Hist. Museum. Lviv, 2006. 22. P. 5-10.

The computer age is producing a generation of people whose experience of nature is mediated by screens, virtual realities and rapidly changing sense impressions. Museums have a special responsibility to communicate the value of natural and cultural objects in this context. Knowledge of nature, history and culture leads to a richer experience of life and a greater concern for conservation. The language' of museums is vital in reaching a wide audience and in involving and educating the public. In order to develop a successful language' for museums, architects, designers and curators must effectively use the three great strengths of museum exhibitions: authenticity, three-dimensionality and liveliness. Authentic exhibits may be accompanied by realistic reconstructions such as models and dioramas. Three-dimensionality includes not only individual objects but also explanatory experiments or theatrical elements. Liveliness refers to live specimens in natural history museums and zoos, and interactive displays in other types of museums.

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