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² ˲ Ͳ ² ˲ : в ̳ - , . , 1622 2013 ...

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; 40 ; 5 , 5 . , 3-11 %: , . : 5 39 % 5 87 %. : 5 58 % 5 165 %.

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1. Global forest resources assessment 2005 (FRA-2005) / Rome: FAO. 367 p.

2. Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of

Germany [ ]. :

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1133

3. .. , / ˳ : . . 1, 2002. C. 27-31.

4. .. / ..

, . , .. // : , 2010. 143 .

5. .. / .. // . 2012. . 22.3. . 58-63.

6. .. / .. , .. // . 2013. . 23.1. . 73-79.

7. ³ .. / .. ³, .. , .. , .. // . 2005. . 15.5. . 23-28.

354 582.912.42:582.688.3

̲ RHODODENDRON MYRTIFOLIUM SCHOTT ET

KOTSCHY: Ҳ

   

Shumyk M.I., Voloshchuk M.I., Belova N.Y. Mycorrhiza Rhododendron myrtifolium Scott et Kotschy: development features and value. The results of theoretical and practical studies on the mycorrhizal Rhododendron myrtifolium Schott et Kotschy in natural habitats. Specified on mycorrhizal dependency of phenological phases of plants and edaphic conditions.

Rhododendron myrtifolium Schott et Kotschy , ( , 2009), ϳ (, 1976). 13502050 . . . (, 2000). , - .

̳ Rh. myrtifolium ( 3,54,5) (, 2000), , . 糺 . , , ` , . . (2011) Rh. myrtifolium: 1350 1500 . . ., 1500 1850 . . ., 1850 2050.

Rh. myrtifolium Rhododenron L. , , (, 1962). ̳ (, 1951;

, 1980). , Ericales. , . , Ascomycetes, Hymenoscyphus ericeae (Read) Korf &Kernan Oidiodendron. (Read, 1991; Currah et. al. 1999) (Hambleton and Currah, 1997). Oidiodendron, O. maius Barron, Doughlas at al (1989), 볿 (Perotto et. al. 1996; Martino et. al. 2000), Գ䳿 (Currah et. al. 1999), (Hambleton and Currah, 1997).




140 .


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Ericaceae, , Rhododenron . Rh. myrtifolium.

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1 1700 . . ., .-. , Rh. myrtifolium, Vaccinium myrtillus, Deschampsia aespitosa Beauv.;

2 1800 . . . . , Rh. myrtifolium ;

3 1800 . . ., .-. , .

, Pinus mugo Turra, Rh. myrtifolium, Vaccinium myrtillus, Deschampsia caespitosa;

4 1900 . . ., .-. , : Rh. myrtifolium, Vaccinium myrtillus, Deschampsia caespitosa, Juniperus sibirica Burgsd.

( 2, 3, 4), ( 1) . Rh. myrtifolium. 1 ;

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5 , 70 % . ( , 2008). 356 Primo Star (Carl Zeiss, Jena, ͳ) Canon PowerShot A640. , (, 1987). , % .

. , 100 % . (. 1). 1, , . (. 1, ), (. 1, ), .

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3 4 , 볺 (. 1 F, , ).

Rh. myrtifolium 23-27 , 璺 . . ֳ , 2, 3, 4.

. 1. ̳ Rh. myrtifolium , Rh. myrtifolium 1, , 13³ . . ., 358 3 19 %. . . ., -, . : 1 ; . Rh. myrtifolium, ( 2), , .

. 2. Rh. myrtifolium . Rhododendron myrtifolium , 100 % . R.



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