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² ˲ Ͳ ² ˲ : в ̳ - , . , 1622 2013 ...

-- [ 48 ] --

9. .. // . . ., 1945, 32, 2. . 220-222.

10. Zlatnik A. Luzansky prales na Podkarpatske Rusi, nejvetsi ceskosslovenska pralesova reservace. Krasa naseho Domova, 1936, r. 28, S. 110-118.

630*228.7:502.7 ²² ² ˲

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, . -, , Stryamets H.V., Ferents N.M., Stryamets N.S. Oldgrowth beech forests in Nature Reserve Roztochya. In this paper the characteristics of 48 plots dominated by beech forests older than 100 years, occupying an area of 374.6 hectares are described. Net oldgrowth beech forests in the reserve spread on an area of almost 193 hectares, the rest 181, 6 hectares are mixed stands with pine and beech, or pine, oak and beech. Age of the oldest beech stand in the natural reserve Roztochya is 175 years old. Stands are in good conditions, with intact structure, with excellent natural regeneration. Additional protection measures are not needed.

   

ϳ : Qurcetum (roboris) Fagus sylvatica L., Acer platanoides L., A. pseudoplatanus L., Tilia cordata Mill., Pinus sylvestris L.

Carpinus betulus L. :

308 Corylus avellana L., Sambucus nigra L., Frangula alnus Mill., Crataegus monogyna Jacq., Euonymus verrucosa Scop.

' : Asperula graveolens Bieb., Anemone nemorosa (L.)Holub, Hepatica nobilis Mill., Viola mirabilis L., Lathyrus vernus (L.) Bernh, Majanthemum bifolium (L.)F.W. Schmidt, Carex digitata L., Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All., Paris quadrifolia L., Stellaria media (L.), Vill., Ajuga reptans (L.), Convallaria majalis L., Oxalis acetosella L., Pulmonaria obscura Dumort., Veronica chamaedrys L. .

. , 25-32 , , . dz , , 0,8; 0,4; 350 380 ./, 500 3.

192,9 , 10 % , , (. 2).

-, -- , - . , , 32 , , .

, , - . ³ .

:

, , , , .

1. .. // . . 1985. .70, 8. . 1045-1048.

2. .., .., .. - . , . -, 1964, 220 .

3. . ., .. , // : . .-.

. : . 2010. . 13.3. . 296-301.

4. .. , // . 1971. 1. . 24-31.

5. .. // : .

.-. . : . 2010. . 20.16. . 194-214.

581.9 вͲ Ͳ ˲Ѳ

ί

   

, . , Terekhova Zh.V. The diversity of ancient beech forests on the Khotyn heights. In beech forests of the Khotyn heights, that grow on the eastern boundary of its distribution area, we identified six groups. Their phytocoenotic and outphytosozologic characteristics are given. Grouping of beech forests (Fageta sylvaticae) with dominated Hedera helix are included in the Green Book of Ukraine.

- . - . , , , ' (Fagus sylvatica L.), .

.. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .., .. , .., .. . 2011 . , [2, 3, 5], [4] [1] ᒺ . - , (Fagus sylvatica) .

1. (Fageta sylvaticae) (Vinca minor). (Fagetum (sylvaticae) vincosum (minoris)). - . - , . Գ 310 , (Vinca minor). ϳ , (Cotylus awliana), (Sambucus nigra), (Euonymus europaea). ' ( 70-80 %). ֳ .

2. (Fageta sylvaticae) (Phyllitis scolopendrium).

(Acereto (pseudoplatani) Fagetum (sylvaticae) phyllitidosum (scolopendrii)) yp. . . 1 . Գ (Phyllitis scolopendrium). 0,7-0,8.

, . 50 %. , , ( 20 %) (Athyrium filix-femina), (Dryopteris filix-mas), (Polystichum braunii) (P.




140 .


aculeatum).

3. (Fageta sylvaticae) (Lunaria rediviva). (Fagetum (sylvaticae) lunariosum (redivivae). . ( ) - . Գ , (Lunaria rediviva) , . . 0,7-0,8. , (Staphylea pinnata), . ( 80 %) (50-60 %), (Athyrium Jilixfemina), - (Impatiens noli-tangere), (Mercurialis perennis), (Symphytum cordatum) . ֳ .

4. (Fageta sylvaticae) (Hedera helix). : (Fagetum (sylvaticae) hederosum (helicis)), - (Carpineto (betuli) Fagetum (sylvaticae) hederosum (helicis)), -- (Carpineto (betuli) Querceto (roboris) Fagetum (sylvaticae) hederosum (helicis)). . , , , . Գ , - (Hedera helix). , (0,4) , ;

, (Cerasus avium). , (Euonymus europaea), (Daphne mezereum). (50-60 %) .

5. (Fagus sylvatica) (Allium ursinum). (Fagetum (syhaticae) alliosum (ursini)), - (Carpineto (betuli)

Fagetum (syhaticae) alliosum (ursini)). - . Գ , (Allium ursinum), . ( 0,8 . ϳ . 90 %, .

6. - (Fageto sylvaticae) Querceta (roboris)). (Fageto (sylvaticae) Quercetum (roboris) caricosum (pilosae)), - (Fageto (sylvaticae) Quercetum (roboris) galeobdolosum (lutei)). ³ , , , - . Գ . (0,8 1.0), (0,6) (0.4), (Ulmus laevis).

, , , 312 (Carex pilosa) (Galcobdolon luteum).[2, 3] . , , ( , ) ( , ), . - Fagus sylvatica .

1. / . ..ij. : , 2009. 448 .

2. .. (.) . . . : , 2012 336 .

3. .. , // . . . 1974. 31, 5. . 630-635.

4. . / . .. ij. .:

, 2009. 912 .

5. . ., . ., . ., . . ϳ : , , // . 2009. . 15, . 1. . 82-100.

630*5:630*907.1

   

Tretyak P.R. Need in protection of forests diversity of the Fagion Sylvaticae community at the Carpathian part of the Dniester river basin. The necessity of forming protected areas in the region of wider diversity of beech forests communities, which are listed in the list of habitats types Natura-2000, is pointed out. This applies especially fir-beech forests in general, as well as communities of Vaccinio-Fagetum sylvaticae and Cephalanthero-Fagenion, Galio rotundifolii-Abietenion, Aceri-Fagetum, Lunario-Aceretum, Ficario-Ulmetum, Abietetum polonicum.



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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, YOUTH AND SPORT OF UKRAINE M.G. KHOLODNY INSTITUTE OF BOTANY IVAN OGIYENKO KAMYANETS-PODILSKY NATIONAL UNIVERSITY .. OPTASYUK .V. SHEVERA THE GENUS LINUM L. IN THE FLORA OF UKRAINE KYIV 20 ֲ ̲ ̲Ͳ ² , IJ Ͳ . .. ̒-IJ ֲ Ͳ Ͳ ò .. .. в LINUM L....

ȯ ֲ Ͳ Ͳ Բ Բί Բ ò ²Dz .. ò ˲ Ͳ ֲ ֲ ȯ 2013 910.2:[911.5+911.9] ( 1 16 2013 ) : .. - ,...

14 16 2014 . ( ) V ² ̲ ' , ' - , , '. , , ...

³ . . . 2012. . 20, . 2. . 8088. Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology. Ecology. 2012. Vol. 20, N 2. P. 8088. 597.2/.5 : 597.08 + 628.1 . . 1, . . 2, . . 3, . . 4, . . 4 12 㳿 . ...

̲ò ̲ ˲ Ͳ ϲ ( ) ϳ 㳿 . 㳿 ( 7 01.04.08) ̳ 쳿 . . ﳿ (...

ϲҮ ֲ Ͳ 2,5-˲Ͳ-. 577.152.6:616.33 ϲҮ ֲ Ͳ 2,5-˲Ͳ- ˲ в òҲ, ί . . 1, . . 1, . . 1, . . 1, . . ͳ1, . . 1, . . 1, . . 2 , ...

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. 23, 2014 Psychological Prospects. Issue 23, 2014 159.922.6 . . Received, September 30, 2013; Revised October 22, 2013; Accepted November 19, 2013. ²ί вҲ Ҳ Ҳ Ҳ Ѳ . . , ...

. . / 1. . . , . . // ѳ . 2001. 1-2. . 2628. / 2. . , . , . // ³ : . 2001. 5. . 7579. / . 3. . // ³ . ...




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