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² ˲ Ͳ ² ˲ : в ̳ - , . , 1622 2013 ...

-- [ 47 ] --

㳿 , . , Stoyko S.M. Significance of the relic primeval forest ecosystems of Carpathian Biosphere Reserve for elucidation of the postglacial forest development. Stages of postglacial development of forests are determined and coenotic characteristics of relic ecosystems, which preserved since Early and Middle Holocen is

given. Three coenotic groups of beech primeval forests were determined:

monodominant, assectoric dominant, polydominant. Ecological monitoring for clarifying the influence of global warming on dynamic tendencies of forest ecosystems was suggested.

. ˳ , , . . . , , .

/ 11800 . , , , . , , .

.. , .. (1965), .. (1960), .. (1972), .. , .. (1973). - .. , .. (1978).

- (15 161 ). ³ 400-1497 ( ), , , - , .

.., .. (1982). 1993 . ().

1. . (11800-8000 ) (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), (Pinus sylvestris L.), (P. cembra L.), (P. mugo Turra.), (Larix polonica Racib.). 740 . . . (, , 1977).

900 . . . (Piceetum myrtillsum) (. 1, 1). , . (Vaccinium myrtillus L.), (Lycopodium annotinum L.), (Trientalis europaea L.) . 1403 (Zlatnk,1936).

(Betuleta pendulae). 870 920 (Betuletum myrtillosum) ( 2). (Sorbus aucuparia L.), (Salix silesiaca Willd.) (Pteridium aquilinum L.), (Vaccinium myrtillus L.), (Rhodococcum vitis idaea (L.) Avror) . .

(8000 4000 ) , (Quercus robur L.) (Q. petraea Liebl.), (Acer pseudoplatanus L.), (Tilia platyphyllos Scop.) (T. ordata Mill.) . , , .

640-920 - (Quercetum petraeae luzulosum luzuloidis) ( 3). . ' - (Luzula luzuloidis Domby et Will.), (Poa nemoralis L.), (Pteridium aquilinum L.), (Melittis 300 melissophyllum L.). 800 - (Fageto-Quercetum dentariosum) ( 4). ' , , (Galium odoratum (L.) Scop.), (Prenanthes purpurea L.) .

. 1. : 1. Piceeta abietis, 2. Betuleta pendulae; : 3. Querceta petraeae, 4. Fageto-Quercetum petraeae, 5.Tilieto platyphylli-Fagetum, Junipereta sabini (fragm.), 6. Carpineto-Fagetum 680-800 . . . - (FagetoTilietum platyphyllae sesleriosum heuflerianae) ( 5). г ' ' (Coronilla elegans Pan), (Phyllitis scolopendrium (L) Newm). (, 1975).

- (Juniperus sabina L.), ( 5) (,1960). (ϳ) ϳ .

(Carpineto-Fagetum spiraeoso-mercurialidosum), 15 800-1050 ( 6). . 64 73, 0,4 -0,6. 4 150 . 12-15 . ' 80 . (Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newm.), (Galium transcarpaticum Stojko et Tasenkevich 1970), (Polygonatum odoratum (Mill.) Druce), (Hordelmus europaeus (L.) Harz.), (Iris graminea L.).

- . - /Union Carpineto-Fagetum. (Spiraea media Franz Schmidt), (Mercurialis perennis L.), (Digitalis grandiflora Mill.), (Iris graminea L.), (Euphorbia amygdaloides L.).

(4000 ), ' , , , . 300 . (axus baccata L.) ( 5). (Taxetum hederosum) (Taxetum sesleriosum) . ' (Hedera helix L.), (Lbanotis montana Grantz.), (Melittis melissophyllum L.) .




140 .


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2. ' . . , . . ' . , (8585 ) - - . . , ( assectator, ), : , -, .

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( ) -- , - . - (Acereto pseudoplatani-Fagetum) , - (AbietoFagetum) .

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ϳ. () ' . . , , . ֳ .

1. .., .. // . . ., 1973, 30, 4. .418-426.

2. .., .. ( ) // . . ., 1978, 35, 5. . 506-511.

3. .., ..

. . .:

. .: , 1977. . 106-112.

4. .., .. // . ., 1952, 9, 4. . 5-19.

304

5. .. : . - . . , 1960. 30 .

6. .. . . VI ' . . -. . . .: . ,1972. . 274-275

7. .. ֳ // . . ., 1960, 17, 3. . 72-78.

8. .., .. - . . . .: .

. 1982. . 147-169.



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