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² ˲ Ͳ ² ˲ : в ̳ - , . , 1622 2013 ...

-- [ 45 ] --

(Picea abies (L.) Karst): 337 , 75 , 17 24 , 453 ; : 80-140 .; ;

; : 39,5 , 29,0 ; :

83,8 , 36,7 . (Abies alba Mill.): 181 , 13 , 7 , 3 , 204 ; : 80-150 .; ; -; :

34,5 , 21,4 .; : 116,7 , 29,8 . (Fagus sylvatica (Bess.) Reichb.) 120 ;

; 22,5 ; 27,1 . (Betula pendula Roth) 70 .

ϳ: 64, 1 5900 . ; 3-5 22 %, 6-10

59 % 11-15 19 %; 1,5 , 0,6 ;

85 % ; .

: 70 %, 1,5-2,5 , : Dicranum 35-40 %, Pleurocium 20-25 %, Hylocomium 5-10 %.

-3 29, 1350 . . ., 400;

: N4847'027''; E2431'344'' 3 . : 82+;

0,7; 3; 180 , 70 , 150 .

1997 , , . 1997 , .

( ) 16 8.05.2009 . 5 . 28.09.2009 . . Գ 4 %- .

. 1111 .

- 15 (. 1) 7- .

-- (-1) Carabus cancellatus Ill., Carabus obsoletus Strm., Carabus violaceus L., Pterostichus unctulatus (Duft.), Abax parallelepipedus (Pill. et Mitt.), Trichotichnus laevicollis (Duft.) - (-2, -3) Carabus linnei Panz., Cychrus caraboides (L.), Pterostichus cordatus Letzn., Pterostichus pilosus (Host).

- () (г, , , 2004) , Carabus zawadzkii Krtz. Abax parallelus (Duft.), A. schueppeli rendschmidi (Germ.), , Carabus obsoletus Strm. Pterostichus jurinei heydeni Dej.

286 1 - (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

   

16 3 (Carabus obsoletus Strm., Pterostichus foveolatus (Duft.), Pterostichus pilosus (Host)), .

. 15 - (Coleoptera, Carabidae) .

.

16 3 (Carabus obsoletus Strm., Pterostichus foveolatus (Duft.), Pterostichus pilosus (Host)).

1. .. (Coleoptera, Carabidae) // . , 2004. 19. . 185-186.

2. г .. (Coleoptera, Carabidae)

// :

. , 2000. . 242-247.

3. г .. - (Coleoptera, Carabidae) // . , 2002. 17. . 63-80.

4. г .. . , 2003. 210 .

5. г .. - (Coleoptera, Carabidae) // .

- , 10- . , 2006. . 175-178.

6. г .., .., г .. (Bombina variegata (L.)) // . , 10- . , 2006. . 178-180.

7. г .., .., .. - (Coleoptera, Carabidae) // . . 2004. 14. . 34-43.

288 574.4:579.69

Ͳ

˲

   

, . , Symochko L.Y. Enzymatic activity of soil in primeval beech forest ecosystems. The enzymatic activity of soil of primeval beech forests of Shyrokoluzhanskyi massif of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve is investigated. The level of catalase and invertase in the soil of primeval beech forest ecosystems is determined. The dependence of fermentative activity of soil from altitude range of massif forests is established.

. . - , , , , , , , , . , . , . , , , [1, 2, 3, 4].

, , , , , .

, [3, 5]. - . , , . , , -, , -, [1].

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140 .


1). ³ , 550 1040. (15-20) (20-25) . +6,3-8,2. 1200-1404 . , .

. 1. ̳ ϳ - . , . - , , , - . - , .

糺 [6].

290 [7].

.

ij , . , , , , . , .

. 1.

   

. . , . , , [1,5,8].

г 3,63-6,28 32/., 1040 , 555 . 800-900 . , [8, 9, 10].

, , , [9, 12].

, , 555-645 , , 26,96 . /..

dz 19,34 . /., 1040 . , , 800-900 . - , , , , .

, , - , [8], .

. , , . .

. 800-900 , .

1. .., .. ̳ // ̳ 2013. 75 2. . 21-31.

2. Symochko Lyudmila Monitoring of Soil Microbial Coenosis in Primeval Beech Forests //Book of abstracts International ConferencePrimeval Beech Forests.

Reference Systems for the Management and Conservation of Biodiversity, Forest Resources and Ecosystem Services. 2-9 June, Lviv, Ukraine 2013 P. 20.

3. .. ˳ . . // :

. ., , 1997. . 75-89.

292

4. Debeljak M. Coarse woody debris in virgin and managed forest // Ecological Indicators. 2006. Vol. 6, Issue 4. P. 733-742.

5. .., .. // . 5-8 , - , 2007. . 290.

6. .. . .: - ., 1990. 189 .

7. .. . .: ., 1985. 351 .



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