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( ). , , . Primula veris, , . , , .

, , , 236 , .

, - 9 , 2 , 2 5 . . 4 , 3 , , 2 , . , (Aglia tau), , , 3 20. , , , .

, , . , , . , .

1. .. г Lepidoptera / . .: , 1997. . 279-282.

2. .. 㳿 (Lepidoptera, Endromididae) // , , : . .-. ., . 20- . .

. , 2010. . 687-690.

3. . / . .. .:

, 2009. 600 .

4. Kudrna O., Seufert W. Oekologie und Schutz von Parnassius mnemosyne (L.) in der Rhoen // Oedippus 1991. N 2. 44 p.

582.632.2:634.0(477.4) ² ˲ IJί

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Melnyk V.I. Beech forests of Podolian Upland as unique centers of floristic diversity. Phytogeographical characteristics of beech forest of Podolian Upland are described. In lowland part of Ukraine insular beech forests of Podolian Upland are rare relict forest communities with 27 rare and endangered species of plants are included in Red Data Book of Ukraine (2009). Recommendations for improvement of conservation of beech communities in Podolian Upland are proposed.

. , . . , .

. , , , . , , (Fagus sylvatica L.). (2009), 27 , , (2009).

, , , . - Fagus sylvatica . , - .

H. Zapaowicz (1906) Fagus sylvatica var. podolica Zap. W. Szafer (1935) 238 , Fagus sylvatica Fagus orientalis Fagus sylvatica subsp. moesiaca (Maly) Czeczott.

Fagus sylvatica . 4-8,

9. . Fagus sylvatica , J. Mdalski (1947) Fagus sylvatica, Fagus sylvatica subsp. moesiaca Fagus orientalis.

Fagus sylvatica var. podolica Zap. Fagus sylvatica, Fagus orientalis. Fagus orientalis , Fagus sylvatica moesiaca . , .. , Fagus orientalis. Fagus orientalis, J. Mdalski (1947) . ϳ .

. Fagus orientalis Fagus sylvatica W. Szafer (1935) .

Fagus sylvatica . . Fagus sylvatica .

, , , , , .

Fagus sylvatica - . г, . , . . . , . (, , 2005).

, . 5 . 2, (Fageta sylvaticae) 116,6 . . 12 468 (10,1 % ). 2000 . 14 500 .




140 .


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, - , (, , 2005).

200 137 66 , 15 % , 21 % 51,5 % 񳺿 .

. . , .. (1971) (Aposeris foetida, Arum besserianum, Dentaria bulbifera, D. glandulosa, Luzula sylvatica, Polygonatum hirtum, Symphytum cordatum). , . , . Picea abies Abies alba, . ³ Pinus sylvestris Vaccinum myrtillus, .

, , . Tilia platyphyllos, Staphylea pinnata, Atropa bella-donna, Cimicifuga foetida, Crocus heuffelianus, Erythronium dens-canis, Helleborus purpurascens, Symphytum cordatum, Phyllitis scolopendrium, Polygonatum hirtum . Fagus sylvatica.

. 8 % (, 2001). , 240 . .. (1957) - 30 %. . 1990 2000 ( ) 300 . 128,12 8228,3 . , , Atropa bella-donna, Staphylea pinnata .

³.

Fagus sylvatica , .

1. / ϳ .. ij. : , 2009. 448 .

2. .. // . ˳. : , 1971. . 137-177.

3. .., .. . :

Գ 2005. 152 .

4. .. // , ˳, 2000. . 25. . 365-370.

5. .. // . . , 1957, T. 1. . 5-9.

6. . . /ϳ . ij. : - , 2009. 912 .

7. Madalski J. nowym dla Polski buku z zakresu form Fagus orientalis Lipsky.//Kosmos A., 1938, t.63. S. 363-375.

8. Szafer W. Las step na zachodnim Podolu. //R Pol. Akad.ozpr. wydz. mat.-przyrat.

Pol. Akad. Umiej, 1935, t. 71. S. 1-123

9. Zapatowicz H. Krvtyczny przeglad roslinnosci Galicyi. Krakow, 1906. T. 1. 296 S.

630*228.81:94 (477)

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, . , Moskalyuk B.I., Bochkor H.M. Value of forest ecosystems for sustainable development of local communities. The paper considers the role of forest ecosystems to solve the problems of air pollution and climate change. A brief description of important local and global forests features, including primeval forests. Also there are highlighted ecological and social functions of forests. Attention is focused on the role of primeval forests for sustainable development of adjacent areas.



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, . 92/43/ 21 1992 ( ) NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE M.G. KHOLODNY INSTITUTE OF BOTANY INSTITUTE OF ECOLOGY OF THE CARPATHIANS STATE MUSEUM...

̲Ͳ ² I ² ֲ Ͳ Ͳ X ̲ ֲ Ҳ ϲҲ ò (², 8 11 ² 2014 .) ² 2014 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF UKRAINE IVAN FRANKO NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF LVIV X INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE FOR STUDENTS AND PHD STUDENTS YOUTH AND PROGRESS OF BIOLOGY BOOK OF ABSTRACTS (LVIV, 8 11 APRIL 2014) LVIV 2014 581.1:577 ...




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