WWW.UK.X-PDF.RU

˲ - , ,

 
<< HOME
CONTACTS




( )
.: (050)697-98-00, (067)176-69-25, (063)846-28-10
׸

( )
.: (050)697-98-00, (067)176-69-25, (063)846-28-10
׸
 >>  . C 03.00.00
Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 17 | 18 || 20 | 21 |   ...   | 56 |

² ˲ Ͳ ² ˲ : в ̳ - , . , 1622 2013 ...

-- [ 19 ] --

Myxomycetes use the dead wood for dispose of its fructifications on the hard surface of wood.

In Carpathian biosphere reserve except the Uholka virgin beech forest the old beech forests of Keveliv forestry near mountain pastures Zanoga and Gropa were embraced with mycological expedition on collection of myxomycetes. 18 species of myxomycetes were found. 17 species from subclass Myxogastromycetidae are distributed between 4 orders: Trichiales (7 species and 2 varieties), Physarales (4), Liceales (4) and Stemonitales (2).

Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa (Mll) T. Macbr., Metatrichia vesparia (Batsch) Nann.-Bremek., Trichia affinis de Bary, T. varia (Pers. ex J.F. Gmel.) Pers.

120 were the most wide-spread species in the investigated locations of reserve.

Three taxons of myxomycetes recorded in reserve were found rather rare for Ukraine. Among them Fuligo intermedia T. Macbr. and Trichia decipiens var.

olivacea Meyl. were collected only on the inventory plots of Swiss tests established in 2000 for researches of biodiversity in the Uholka virgin beech forest. The location of the third rare species Metatrichia floriformis (Schwein.) Nann.-Bremek. was situated near the rocks Grebeni in the same forest massif not far from the Swiss tests. Anyone from those rare species wasnt found in Keveliv old forests (Dudka, Leontyev, 2011). Thus very likely the virgin beech forest of reserve ought to regard as a place of concentration for species diversity of myxomycetes with the high occurrence of rare species. However for the definitive confirmation concerning the protective role of the virgin beech forests for myxomycete diversity the additional expeditions are necessary since the data received on this question for the supposed virgin beech forest Kamianka (national nature park Bewitched Land) are strongly differed.

In national nature park Bewitched Land except the virgin beech forest Kamianka collection of myxomycetes was held in the overgrowth of Alnus incana (L.) Moench on the bank of stream Baginski (village Ilnytsia, Irschavsaki district, Zakarpatski region). 20 species of myxomycetes were found altogether. 19 species from subclass Myxogastromycetidae are assigned to 4 orders: Trichiales (8 species), Physarales (5), Liceales and Stemonitales (on 3 species each). The highest frequency of occurrence was noted for Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa Arcyria cinerea (Bull.) Pers. and Lycogala epidendrum (L.) Fr. In Bewitched Land along with the wide-spread slime molds rare species for Ukraine and Ukrainian Carpathians were revealed. It is Dictydiaethalium plumbeum (Schumach.) Rostaf. and Physarum psittacinum Ditmar. As against to the rare species of myxomycetes from Carpathian biosphere reserve both species were recorded in anthropogenically modifdied location the meadow with old apple garden and in the overgrowth of Alnus incana (L.) Moench on the bank of stream Baginski in the village.

Meanwhile D. plumbeum is rare species in Ukraine and especially in Ukrainian Carpathians. At first it has been collected on the territory of Small (Male) Polissia in the vicinity of Lviv (Krupa, 1886, 1888) and three years later it was observed in Carpathian forests near Skole (Krupa, 1889). Information about the next record of D. plumbeum in Ukraine appeared later 115 years after Krupas find: single specimen of D. plumbeum was found in Mountain Crimea (Crimea nature reserve). In Ukrainian Carpathians our record of D. plumbeum from Bewitched Land was the first after Krupas find in the forests near Skole (Dudka, Kryvomaz, 2013). The second rare species Ph. psittacinum is distributed in Ukraine and in Ukrainian Carpathians wider than D. plumbeum.

However in Ukrainian Carpathians it is known from two reserves (Carpathian biosphere and Gorgany) and national nature park Synevyr only. Such arrangement of the rare components of myxomycete biota on protected nature objects and anthropogenically modifdied territories requires detailed studies of its ecological peculiarities that allows them to be adopted in the different conditions of environment.

Fungal organisms together with bacteria are the main components in heterotrophic block of ecosystems. Fungi realize decomposition of organic matter and support ecological equilibrium as reducers. Their role is especially important in the forest ecosystems, in particular in the virgin forests where huge deposits of the dead wood are annually accumulated. Taking into account the insufficient researches of fungi in forests ecosystems that put them in position of real outsiders the first problem for urgent decision is the organization of inventory of fungal taxonomic and species diversity in the virgin forests.

1. .. // . . 1998. . 32, . 5. . 47-55.

2. .. // . . . . : . 1999. . 171-174.

3. .. , // .

. . . : , 2001. . 199-202.

4. .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .. ˳ . .: , 2009. . I 305 c; . II. 427 .

5. .., . // .

. -, . . 2006. . 19. . 60-65.

6. .. - . : , 1993. 231 .

7. ., . . .: , 1995. 343 .

8. .. . . . 1.

. : , 1993. 300 .

9. .., .. .

.:, 1979. 100 .

10. Commarmot B., Bachofen H., Bundziak Y., Brgi A., Ramp S., Shparyk Y., Sukhariuk D., Viter R., Zingg A. Structures of virgin and managed beech forests in Uholka (Ukraine) and Sihlwald (Switzerland): a comparative study. Commarmot B., Hamor F. (eds), 2005: Natural Forests in the Temperate Zone of Europe Values and Utilisation. Conference 1317 October 2003, Mukachevo, Ukraine.

Proceedings. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL; Rakhiv, Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. 2003. P. 109-120.

11. Dudka I.O., Leontyev D.V. Myxomycetes in virgin forests of Carpathian Biosphere Reserve // . 䳿. 2011. . 5, 1. . 45-56.

122

12. Dudka I.O., Kryvomaz T.I. Myxomycetes in the virgin beech and old-aged spruce forests of national nature park Bewitched Land (Ukrainian Carpathians) // .

䳿. 2013. .7, 1 ( ).

13. Hawksworth D.L. The fungal dimension of biodiversity: magnitude, significance and conservation // Mycol. Res. 1991. V. 95, 6. P. 641-655.

14. Kirk P.M., Cannon P.F., David J.C., Minter D.W., Stalpers J.A. Ainsworth & Bisbys Dictionary of the Fungi. Wallingford: CAB International, 2008. 771 p.

15. Krupa J. Zapiski mycologiczne przewanie z okolic Lwowa i z Tatr // Kosmos. 1886. 11. S. 370-399.

16. Krupa J. Zapiski mycologiczne przewanie z okolic Lwowa i z Podtatrza // Sprav.

Kom. Fizyogr. 1888. 22, 2. S. 12-47.

17. Krupa J. Zapiski mycologiczne przewanie z okolic Lwowa i z Karpat stryjskich // Sprav. Kom. Fizyogr. 1889. 23, 1. S. 141-169.

18. Stephenson S.L., Stempen H. Myxomycetes. A Handbook of Slime Molds.

Portland: Timber Press, 1994. 183 p.

550.42 (477.87)

ղ̲ ˲Ѳ

²

   

, . , Zhovinsky E.Y., Kryuchenko N.O., Paparyha P.S. Geochemical component primeval beech forests of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve.



140 .


The paper presents the results of a study of distribution of chemical elements in the leaves and annual rings of beech leaves accumulate heavy metals Pb, Cr, Ni, Zn, which is an indicator of anthropogenic pollution. In the analysis of tree rings from 1769 to 2010 proved that the bark is the hub element, lanthanides determine the dry periods of growth wood, and metal wet, only lanthanum may be an indicator of pollution.

. , ᒺ . , , : , , , , , .

() , -, - , , , . , , . , - .

䳺 . - , .

, [1].

124 . 볿 ᒺ .

ᒺ , .

쳿 . , , . , .

. (. 1): -, , , , ϳ.

. 1.

. ⳿-⳿ ⳿ [2]. .

. . Li, Cu, Ni, Zn, , F, pH, Eh. Li, , F , pH 46, Eh [1].

100 , 10 . - , , , - ; - (. 2) ϳ - .

.

. Cu, Ni, Zn , (20 ) ( ), 100 .

, Pb, Cr, Ni, Zn - (. 2), , [1]. ֳ . , . . , .

   

(Cu), , 䳿, Cu [3], . ³ , , , . Cu ' , .

Cu , , .



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 17 | 18 || 20 | 21 |   ...   | 56 |
 
 >>  . C 03.00.00
:

28. .. . 2. Natrix tessellata l. (Colubridae) / .. // : . 2011. . 20, 2. . 177-181.29. .I. i / .I. . : - , 1961. 142 .30. .. / .. . . .....

̲ò ̲ ˲ ˲ܔ ( ) 2005 ϳ , . . ( 2 19.09.04) ̳ 쳿 . . ( ). .:...

ٲ (HERACLEUM SOSNOWSKYI MANDEN.) Ҳ: ò. 582.794.(477.87)+504.73.03(477.87) ٲ (HERACLEUM SOSNOWSKYI MANDEN.) Ҳ: ò, ʲ . . , . . , . , 18, 79008, e-mail: superbodik@gmail.com (Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden.) . ...

.. , .. , .. ϒ ͲͲ ϲ ϲ 91(477.84) 26.8 (4) -49 : , , .. , , 㳿 .. ϳ ...

.. .. ò 6 ϲ 58(076.1) 28.572 -53 .., .. -53 : : 6 . / .. , .. . : , 2014. 48 . ISBN 978-966-10-3960-4 , ...

ó㳺 . 58. 2011 612.621:612.82:591.147.599.23:612.014.48 ֲ ֲ òԲ-ί в ϲ ̲ Dz 1,0 .. , 1.. , 1.. , 2.. , 1.. , 1..ij, .. , 1.. , . 㳿 . . . , . ....

, , 䳿 , . ˳ 1. : ' . . ., 1996. 252 .2. ...

̲Ͳ ² ² . . : ò: Ͳ ͪ в ԲͲ в ’߻ 6 2004 2009 . . , 10 25 2009 . ³ ( : ...

330.32 òͲ ֲ Ѳ òֲ ̲ .., , , . ...

378.2: 504:001:016(091) (477-25) , . . , (. -) Ͳ-ֲ ȯ , - . , ...




( )
.: (050)697-98-00, (067)176-69-25, (063)846-28-10
׸


 
<<     |    
2013 www.uk.x-pdf.ru -