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Primeval and Ancient Beech Forests of Europe: Problems of Protection and Sustainable Use. Proceedings of the International Conference (Ukraine, Rakhiv, September 1622, 2013) / [Editorial Board: Fedir Hamor (executive editor) et al.]. Uzhhorod: CE Uzhhorod City Publishing House, 2013. 378 p.

The materials of the given Volume of Proceedings are dedicated to conservation and sustainable use of the European primeval and oldgrowth beech forests. Their role in biodiversity conservation is considered, together with their importance for the global climate change mitigation, implementation of ecological models in forest management, and also their use with scientific, educational and ecotourism purposes is illustrated here.

For scientists, specialists in nature conservation and ecological education, tourism and recreation, authorities, students and wide readership.

Editorial Board: Dr.Sc. (biology), Prof. Hamor F.D. (executive editor), Ph.D. (mathematics) Berkela Y.Y., Bundziak V.V., Ph.D. (biology) Voloshchuk M.I., Gubko V.M., Dovhanych Y.O., Ph.D. (biology) Moskalyuk B.I., Ph.D. (geology) Paparyha P.S., Pokynchereda V.F., Ph.D. (biology) Sukhariuk D.D.

ISBN 978-966-2921-89-

   

4 582.632.2:630*228.81(437.6)

THE STATUS OF OUTSTANDING UNIVERSAL VALUE

IN THE SLOVAK PART OF SERIAL WORLD HERITAGE SITE

PRIMEVAL BEECH FORESTS OF THE CARPATHIANS AND

ANCIENT BEECH FORESTS OF GERMANY IN THE LIGHT

OF THE DECISION No. 37 COM 7B.26 WORLD HERITAGE

COMMITTEE IN PHNOM PENH

   

Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic, Bratislava, Slovakia Ambros L. The Status of Outstanding Universal Value in the Slovak part of serial World Heritage Site Primeval beech forests of the Carpathians and ancient beech forests of Germany in the light of the Decision No. 37 COM 7B.26 World Heritage Committee in Phnom Penh. Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic prepared the Statement for the Slovak part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Carpathian beech forests and ancient beech forests of Germany (Item 7B of the Provisional Agenda: State of conservation of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, World Heritage Committee, Thirty-seventh session, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 16 27 June 2013).

. ᒺ ͳ г 37 COM 7B.26 . ̳ ᒺ ͳ, 37 (. , , 16 27 2013 .).

Brief synthesis. The criterion (ix) on which the Carpathians beech forests were declared as World Heritage Property the territory is characterized by unique universal examples representing significant ongoing ecological and biological processes and the development of ecosystems. The area of the inscribed parts of sites of the National Park Poloniny and Protected landscape area Vihorlat (Core zone: 5 766, 4 ha, Buffer zone: 13 818, 4 ha) reflects the spatial requirements of ecosystems, species and continuously ongoing ecological and biological processes, and biogeochemical cycles.

Integrity. The formal approval of beech forests in the territory of the Slovak and Ukrainian Carpathians and Ancient beech forests of Germany as part of the World Heritage is in line with the World Heritage Committee guidelines and points to the special global importance and integrity of nature reserves which form the skeleton of listed site.

These forests and adjacent grasslands with the original tree species composition are important model territories enabling research and application of knowledge about the natural development processes in undisturbed beech ecosystems. They are unique in the global context and their protection can be ensured only in the presence of interested local authorities and institutions responsible for their management and conservation initiatives.

Protection and management requirements. Slovakia, as the contracting party of the World Heritage Convention, will inform the World Heritage Committee about current state of protection of the World Heritage Property within the periodic report, which is being prepared and where will be described in detail and interpreted reasons of the current state. Protection measures related to the nominated beech primeval forests on the Slovak territory are regulated by the provisions of Act of the Slovak National Council No. 543/2002 Coll. on Nature and Landscape Protection (hereinafter only Act).

There are those activities, which are in protected reserves, as Baba pod Vihorlatom, urova Mlka, Jedlinka, Mal morsk oko, Morsk oko, Motrogon, Pod Tstm, Postvka, Sninsk kame and Vihorlat (Vihorlat Landscape Protected Area), Jarab skala, Paa, Stuica, pkov and Udava (Poloniny National Park) prohibited. These protection regimes correspond to Ia management regime of IUCN classification (on 2112, 6 ha), but some parts of the Slovak beech forests are potential threatened by human activities. Each nominated site has a separate forest management plan (Legal norms providing for the forest management plans are contained in the 2 and 40 of the Act of the Slovak National Council No.. 326/2005 Coll. on the forest management and state administration of forest management.) for a 10-year period, but stipulates no-intervention policy only in these existing protected areas. Some of the Slovak site beech forests and natural forests are thus threatened by human activity.

This management plan adopted by the World Heritage Committee in 2007 and hasnt been implemented in some crucial parts by reason of the long six years negotiations with the stakeholders about necessity to large core zone.

We would like to inform you what action will be taken in order to stop human interventions in planned expansion of core zone (a difference compared to the nomination of 3 563, 8 ha). Revitalization in this case means extending reserve areas with a combination of existing NPA connections, for example Vtnik NPA, NPA Polana, NPA Kyjovsk primeval forest etc. altogether more than 1600 ha and also some new NPA statements within Poloniny NP and PLA Vihorlat.




140 .


Recommended solution for integrated management of the Slovak part of

the site can be summarized as the following points:

Continuity uncompromising protection of natural forests within existing reserves, which are the backbone of the Slovak part of Carpathian beech forest sites.

6 Ensuring still a lack of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation in the implementation of the follow-up project refinements borders and protect existing and potential protected areas of beech, which are located both inside and outside of a registered World Heritage Site (since July

2013) to meet the space requirements of ecosystems, species with continuously ongoing ecological and biological processes and their related biochemical cycles (from July 2013).

Continued monitoring sites based on the legal framework of interdepartmental cooperation and coordination through the Joint Management Committee (under preparation and approval of the Joint Declaration of Intent Slovakia, Ukraine and Germany, September 2013).

Ensuring a broad representation of the public in the management of sites on a bottom-up and enshrined in anticipation of an integrated management plan in the form of a panel for the World Natural Heritage Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians, in order to voice the interests of stakeholders and incorporating them into concrete results that will benefit the local population, in particular as regards the development of eco-tourism, public relations and marketing and their by-products (the establishment of the National Steering Committee of sites to December 2013).

Combining the principles of top-down and bottom-up to enhance of the integrity and values of the beech forests of the Carpathians in the formal establishment of corridors linking the various parts of registered sites and their integration into regional development plans (December 2015).

Consistent application of management methods countryside near the buffer zone of the World Heritage sites.

595.7

Ͳ Բ

(INSECTA: EPHEMEROPTERA) ò

   

, . ,

Antoniuk K.V. Adaptive trends of aquatic insects ekomorphs (Insecta:

Ephemeroptera) of the Carpathian region. The main performance indicators that describe the adaptation directions of amphibiotic insects of Carpathian region have been analyzed.

. , , 㳿 㳿. ( ) , (, 1980). , , , (, 2010).

. - 2012 . 2020 15 , 0,1 (, 2003). .

25 . Ephemeroptera, ( ). -10 -. . . . (1960), . . (2001).

. , 9 (, ; , ), . , , ' .

8 5 : S/L ; H/L ; L1/L3 ; S1/L1 ; S1/L1 .

: Ephemera Ephoron Potamanthus Habroleptoides Ameletus Habrophlebia Oligoneuriella Electrogena Baetis Procloeon Paraleptophlebia Caenis Rhithrogena Ephemerella Siphlonurus Centroptilum Cloeon Ecdyonurus Epeorus Heptagenia Leptophlebia Torleya. , . , .

S/L . Ephemeroptera. , (Ephemera, Ephoron) . , , , .

: S1/L1, S1/L1 L1/L3. (Ameletus, Siphlonurus, Procloeon, Cloeon



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