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. .. , 2013 National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany

ECONET OF THE STEPPE ZONE OF UKRAINE:

PRINCIPLES OF FORMATION, STRUCTURE AND ELEMENTS

Kyiv 2013 UDC 591.5: [598.2 599]. (47) Econet of the steppe zone of Ukraine: principles of formation, structure and elements / Ed.

by Prof. Dr. D.V. Dubyna and Prof. Dr. Ya.I. Movchan. - Kyiv:, 2013. - 409 P., Fig 11, bibliogr.

names 183.

ISBN

Based on the concept of the Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy and international and national experience, the econet formation scheme for steppe zone of Ukraine was elaborated. The principles of its formation were grounded. Criteria and normative-legal base of econet formation were defined. Condition of vegetation and state of naturalityof landscapes of the steppe zone have been analysed. Description of key territories and ecocorridors (international, national, regional) are given. Diagrammatic maps of natural and semi-natural vegetation within separate regions are indicated. Diagrammatic map of the econet of the steppe zone of Ukraine and diagrammatic maps of econets within separate regions are indicated.

This book is for specialists in the field of nature conservation, ecology and geobotany, representatives of local governments and municipalities, lecturers and students, members of nongovernmental environmental organizations.

Reviewers:

Academician Prof. Dr. (Geogr.Sci.) L.H. Rudenko Prof. Dr. (Bio.Sci.) V.I. Melnyk Prof. Dr. (Bio.Sci.) S.Iu. Popovych Approved by the Academic Council of the M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine This publication was supported by the Office of Democracy and Governance, USAID Mission for Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus under the terms of the agreement number AID 121-A-00-03Parliamentary Development Project II: Legislative Policy Development Program).

Any opinions expressed in the publication reflect those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID, PDP II or the Ohio State University M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2013 ̲

INTRODUCTION

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6 CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

LIST OF DENOTATIONS, ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS

1. ECONET AS A SYSTEM TOOL FOR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

IN THE STEPPE ZONE

1.1. Threats for biodiversity and ecosystems of the steppe zone

1.2. National experience of ecological network creation

1.3. Econet role for biodiversity conservation in the steppe zone of Ukraine

1.4. Econet of steppe zone of Ukraine under the SEA context

1.5. Directions of the econet formation within the steppe zone

2. AIM, TASKS AND PRINCIPLES OF ECONET FORMATION OF THE

STEPPE ZONE OF UKRAINE

3. STRUCTURE OF ECONET OF THE STEPPE ZONE OF UKRAINE

AND SELECTION CRITERIA OF ITS ELEMENTS

3.1. Structural elements of the econet

3.2. Selection criteria for territories compounded the econet

3.2.1. Selection criteria for key territories of the econet




140 .


3.2.2. Selection criteria for connecting territories (ecocorridors) of the econet.......... 46 3.2.3. Selection criteria for buffering territories of the econet...

3.2.4. Selection criteria for rehabilitative territories of the econet.....

3.3. Methodical aspects of formation of resumed scheme of the econet of the steppe zone of Ukraine and list of its structural elements

4. DESCRIPTION OF ELEMENTS OF ECONET OF THE STEPPE ZONE OF UKRAINE... 54

4.1. Key territories

4.1.1. International key territories

4.1.2. National key territories

4.1.3. Regional key territories

4.2. Ecocorridors (connecting territories)

4.2.1. International ecocorridors

4.2.2. National ecocorridors

4.2.3. Regional ecocorridors

5. RARE PHYTOCOENOFOND OF ECONET OF THE STEPPE ZONE OF UKRAINE..... 343

6. REHABILITATION OF STEPPE BY THE FORMATION OF ECONET, FOREST PATHES

AND STEPPE PLOTS (V.M. HAVRYLENKO, V.I. HROMENKO, YU.T. KOLMAZ, H.V.

KOLOMIETZ, YA.I. MOVCHAN, M.P. ROMANENKO)....... 348 AFTERWORDS................. 357 LIST OF REFERENCES

Alphabetic index of Latin names of plant species

Alphabetic index of Latin names of formations

Alphabetic index of Latin names of associations

List of international key territories

List of national key territories

List of regional key territories

List of international ecocorridors

List of national ecocorridors

List of regional ecocorridors

Procedure for Strategic Environmental Assessment of Draft Laws and Other Legislation of Ukraine (YA.I. Movchan, O.G. Tarasova)

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