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Practical Handbook Viktor Karamushka Edited by Vitaliy Kuchynsky Kyiv 201 ò Ͳ ò Ͳֲ Ҳ ( ...

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ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

OF STRATEGIC

INITIATIVES AND PROJECTS

(Integration of Environmental Considerations

in Strategic Planning and Project Activities)

Practical Handbook Viktor Karamushka Edited by Vitaliy Kuchynsky Kyiv 201

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330, 502, 574(075.8) 65.237 Published with the financial support of the Government of Canada provided through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).

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Over the past decades Ukraine has strengthened its legislative framework and established programs directed at improving its environmental management to address significant challenges that appeared as a consequence of the former USSR industrialization policies and of the 1986 Chernobyl incident. This effort comes from recognition of the effect of environmental degradation on quality of life and human health, as well as of the relationship between energy efficiency and competitiveness. Moreover, the national policy focus on EU integration is a driver for the development of a national environmental policy commensurate with EU environmental standards. Ukraine is now party to numerous international conventions and treaties aiming at environmental sustainability and is an active player in regional environmental cooperation.

The future development of Ukraine in general and sustainable economic growth of its regions in particular is dependent on the ability to attract investment and grow trade linkages. Environmental sustainability and performance are increasingly becoming a key consideration within project development and financing. This manual highlights the linkages between economic development, environment and quality of life. Understanding these key linkages and sustainable development principles is necessary to making informed decisions at the strategic and individual project levels for a competitive, sustainable Ukraine.

This practical manual brings together international best practices, lessons learnt and case studies from activities undertaken within the Canada-Ukraine partnership project for Regional Governance and Development (RGD) (2005It integrates experience gained from incorporating environmental priorities into regional economic development projects by RGD training program participants, accumulated during RGDs strategic planning and project management initiatives. The manual helps define when specific types of environmental assessments for industrial or other activities need to be performed, and offers clear guidelines on how Strategic Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Assessments must be carried out in order to be credible.

The RGD approach is to integrate environmental analysis at the strategic level and have it filter down to good practice at the specific project level. This approach is consistent with Ukraines national regulations and the requirements of international donors, including the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and international finance institutions such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the World Bank and International Finance Corporation (IFC).

This manual provides a comprehensive approach that can be used to improve current operating standards, integrate environmental sustainability into future developments and initiate the process of addressing the adverse impacts of past practices. The handbook includes practical advice for those involved in project design and is structured in a way to help the reader get a clear and general idea of what strategic planning is, and go step-bystep through all stages of integrating environmental considerations into strategic planning and projects.

The manual includes the following chapters:

Overview of environment and sustainability concepts and theories Summary of environmental legislation and regulation (national, international) Environmental assessment procedures and tools (strategies, policies, programs, action plans) Insight on and importance of public participation and civil society engagement A monitoring and evaluation overview highlighting the need for indicators to measure results, effectiveness and sustainability.

This manual is developed to serve as a resource for public and local selfgovernance bodies, civil society organisations and enterprises as they plan, develop and implement infrastructure as well as non-infrastructure projects. The manual can also serve as a tool for community stakeholders and citizens affected by such initiatives.

   

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