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² 24 , 2008 . 219 598. 2 (282.247.31) .. , .. вͲ ղ ...

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// . . . . . , 2008. . 24. . 219-232.

. 189 ( 70% ). 14 , 4, 6. , 187 , .

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Bokotey ., Dzyubenko N. Protection of a species variety of birds in the Upper Basin of Dnister River // Proc. of the State Nat. Hist. Museum. Lviv, 2008. 24. P. 219-232.

The modern condition of protection breeding avifauna in the Upper Basin of Dnister River and prospect of the further preservation of the species variety of birds in this territory is considered. Some 189 breeding species have been recorded (more then 70% breeding avifauna of whole Ukraine).

From them 14 species listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine, 4 species listed in the Red Data Book of IUCN, 6 species listed in the European Red Data Book. Besides, 187 species fall under action of the international conventions ratified by Ukraine. Protection of a biological variety of region demands immediate nature protection actions: expansions of a network of reserved territories of the state and international value and strict observance state and international nature protection legislations.

, , . , . , , [4].

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1992-2004 . ii i . [8]. i, i i i 22 . 2.

.. , .. ᒺ 4% (799,19 2) . , , 12 ( ) . 1993-2004 ., .

. , . [13] [1]. ̳ , , , , , , , , , , [5, 6, 9, 10, 14].

i i i i .. [11], .. .. [12].

189 , 17 , 43 114 , 70% (.).

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() . ( 3055-3), ( 1264 ( 2894-14), ( 591-14), - ( 2456-12) - .

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2- (1994 .) 14 , 7% 񳺿 . ( ) 1 : - Hieraaetus pennatus (Gmelin, 1788).

( , ) 8 : Ciconia nigra (L., 1758), Aythya nyroca (Guldenstadt, 1770), Tetrao urogallus (L., 1758), - Haliaeetus albicilla (L., 1758), Grus grus (L., 1758), - Himantopus himantopus (L., 1758), Numenius arquata (L., 1758) Bubo bubo (L., 1758). ( ) 2 : Aquila pomarina C. L. Brehm, 1831 Aquila chrysaetos (L., 1758). Strix uralensis Pallas, 1771, Lanius exubitor L., 1758 Regulus ignicapillus (Temminck, 1820) IV ( , ). 221 .. , .. 223 .. , .. 225 .. , ..

   

27 (14% ). , , 13 (. .). - 1 , - 10, - 9 IV- 7.

, , . , [1]. , , 342 13.06.2007 , . 45 , 23% . 24 , , 21 , . 4 :




140 .


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̳ ̳ (IUCN). 4 : , -, Crex crex (L., 1758) Gallinago media (Latham, 1787). ֳ NT, . - -, - .

, , , . , , European Threat Status (ETS). . ETS ( ) . , . 6 (3%), . 120 (63%), 45 - . 29 (15%) , 1970-1990 . . 4 (2%), 10 . . 30 (16%) 10% 10 . ֳ , , , Delichon urbica (L., 1758) Passer domesticus (L., 1758), [2, 3, 15].

, ETS, (Species of European Conservation Concern SPEC). 229 䳿 . 129 , -.

(SPEC 3) 46 (25%), .

(SPEC 2) 19 (10%), . , SPEC 1 4 , : , , .

, , (EU Council Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds (79/409/EEC, Birds Directive). 3 . , . , , SPAs Special Protection Areas . .

. 53 (29%). 41 10 .

, , 䳺 SPAs , BirdLife International [7]. , , . , :

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, 1996 ., 1999 . 1979 ﳔ 436/96- 29.10.96 . [9]. 4 , , , - - . 180 ( 95% 񳺿 ). 3 - , , , 177 - . (Species Action Plan), . 5 : , , , . , Emerald Network, . , , .. , .. . 䳺 Natura 2000 , , . 52 (28%).



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² 60 60- 2006 60 60- 2006 National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine State Natural History Museum PROCEEDINGS OF THE STATE NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM Issue For the ICOMs 60 th anniversary Lviv 2006 ...

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ò ʲ 579.25:579.873.7 ò ʲ . . 1, . . 1, . . 2, . . 2 . , 37, 4, -56, e-mail: biotech@ntu-kpi.kiev.ua . , 4, 79005, e-mail:...




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